MUSIC & MEDICINE

It regulates pain, mood and anxiety levels. Music therapy has been proven to work in psychiatric hospitals, drug & alcohol programs, rehabilitation centers, acute care hospitals and nursing facilities. The scientific basis of music therapy is explained by its effect on certain brain activities. Psychological and behavioral changes induced by music have beneficial effect on cardiovascular system as well. In patient with high blood pressure music reduces both systolic and diastolic blood pressure. Listening to pleasant music promotes emotional self-regulation by increasing dopaminergic activity in the ventral striatum and ventral tegmental area of the brain and by decreasing the reactivity[…]

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SOCIAL WITHDRAWAL

SOCIAL WITHDRAWAL

Severe social withdrawal also termed as Hikikomori is a serious socio-psychological disorder that mainly affects adolescents and young adults who live cut off from the world, locked in their bedrooms for days, month and even years on end. Hikikomori is defined as complete withdrawal from society for 6 months or longer.  They refuse to interact even with their family, use internet profusely, and only venture out to deal with their most imperative bodily needs. Many such person turn to internet and sometimes spend more than 12 hours daily in front of the computer. More than half of such patients (hikikomori)[…]

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NEUROSCIENCE OF SOCIAL MEDIA

NEUROSCIENCE OF SOCIAL MEDIA

Earlier the researchers drew attention to the internet addiction and found it in the same way that occurs to drugs or alcohol. Internet use could have negative impact on individual’s lives. Internet technologies brought several online platforms that could adversely affect the behavior of people. These include gambling, gaming, shopping, pornography and social media. Social networking site use is a subcategory of social media use and defines as “a medium enable users to connect by creating personal information profiles that can be accessed by friends and colleagues, and by sending emails and instant messages between each other”. It is proposed[…]

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Urinary tract

URINARY TRACT INFECTION (UTI)

Urinary tract includes kidney, ureter (tube joining kidney and bladder), urinary bladder (stores the urine) and urethra (tube through which urine exits the body). Urinary tract infection is an infection in any part of the urinary tract. Urinary infection is relatively more common in women due to structure of urethra which is short and close to anus and vagina. The risk of urinary infection increases with age and above 60 years both males and females have equal risk of getting infection. Urinary infection can be purely asymptomatic i.e. without any symptom or can cause serious consequences if it spreads to[…]

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SCIENCE AND ART

SCIENCE & ART OF HAPPINESS

Am I happy ? Happiness is now viewed in various contexts and involves multiple disciplines as neurosciences, psychology, philosophy, economics and social policy. Further, it has several dimensions like social demography, physical health, sexual relationship, and cultural values. Happiness is not a state but an activity. Only you have to decide to become happier. Aristotle has written that the ultimate goal of human life is, simply, happiness. Happiness is achievable by every one – just decide. It is planning for happiness. Happiness is not merely a subjective experience but an objective state of well-being. There are elements of temporary pleasure[…]

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seizures

SEIZURES (EPILEPSY)

A sudden, uncontrolled electrical disturbance in the brain is seizure. There are misfiring in the nerve cells in the brain. In case of two or more seizures or recurrent seizures it is labelled as epilepsy. It can change behaviour, movements or feelings and level of consciousness. Epilepsy is the fourth most common neurological disorder that affects people of all ages. About 65 million people around the world have epilepsy and one third of these live with uncontrollable seizures because no available treatment works for them. Epilepsy is characterized by unpredictable seizures and can cause other health problems. It is a[…]

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alcohol abuse disorder

Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD)

Alcohol consumption is quite common among people of all socio-economic status. Alcohol is known to cause addiction though everyone who consumes alcohol will not be addicted. AUD can occur in form of alcohol abuse or addiction. Alcohol abuse and addiction are not the same.   Alcohol addiction is a psychological dependence on alcohol that involves continued, compulsive drinking despite its adverse consequences. People addicted to alcohol are also physically dependent on it and experience severe, life threatening withdrawal symptoms upon quitting.     Alcohol abuse does not necessarily denotes addition to alcohol. Alcohol abuse is typically seen as heavy drinking who continue[…]

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anemia

Anemia

Anemia is the most common blood condition that develops when blood lacks adequate healthy red blood cells (RBCs) or haemoglobin (Hb). To understand anemia, let us know the blood components. There are two major components in human blood viz. plasma and formed elements (blood cells). Plasma is a clear fluid and mixture of proteins, enzymes, nutrients, wastes, hormones and gases. Formed elements are red blood cells (RBCs), white blood cells (WBCs) and Platelets.    RBCs contain blood pigment called haemoglobin (Hb) which carries oxygen to various tissues of the body. The red color of human blood is due to the presence[…]

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stroke

Stroke (Brain Attack)

A stroke is a condition of reduced or interrupted blood supply to the brain. This results into inadequate oxygen and nutrients supply to the brain. Lack of oxygen to the brain causes death of neurons (brain cells).  A stroke is a medical emergency requiring prompt treatment. Early medical intervention can minimize the damage and potential complications. Symptoms: The following signs and symptoms are suggestive of stroke and duration of these can affect the treatment options. Slurring of speech or trouble in speaking. There could be mental confusion Paralysis or numbness of the face, arm or leg: Patient may develop sudden[…]

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obesity

Obesity

Obesity is excess body weight. Body weight of a person is due to muscle, fat, bones, body tissues and water content. Obesity is excess fat in the body causing excessive weight. Obesity is an important medical problem not only due to its cosmetic concern but also a significant  risk factor for serious illnesses like heart disease, increased blood pressure, stroke (neurological illness), diabetes, joint pain or even cancer. WHO (world Health Organisation) definition of health: “Health is a complete physical, mental and social well being and not merely absence of  disease or infirmity”. Considering WHO definition of health and the[…]

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